Metrics details Abstract The Roman fort from Sfârleanca is one of the most representative archaeological sites dating from the Roman period 2nd century A. The existing natural and anthropic features of the environment required the application of geophysical methods in order to outline the spatial pattern of the buried remains, to define the geometry of the anthropogenic settlements and to obtain detailed information about palaeomagnetism dating archaeological materials without digging.
During the survey, two different geophysical methods have been employed: total magnetic field measurements and electrical resistance mapping using Twin-probe array. The magnetic results obtained by interpreting the anomalies yielded information about the limits of the fort, about the internal organization of the military structure its axial road, partially its secondary road, the localization and the shape of its constructions and at the bath and heating installation.
A previously unknown element is the possible water supply pipe made of ceramic material highlighted by palaeomagnetism dating mathematical modelling of the data obtained by the magnetic investigations.
Electrical resistance results provide complementary information to the magnetic survey palaeomagnetism dating the limits of the baths and the remains of the fort structure. This paper brings to light geophysical investigations into this Roman fort and baths, extending the picture produced by previous archaeological excavations that only dealt with a small part of the site.
It indicates the importance of using geophysical methods in preliminary archaeological research and the advantages of combining total magnetic field measurements and electrical resistance mapping when investigating an archaeological site characterized palaeomagnetism dating a number of environmental difficulties.
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